This study examined well-to-wheel emissions of flex-fuel vehicles (FFVs) running on methanol made from natural gas. New research showed that emissions from FFVs using M85 (85 percent methanol, 15 percent gasoline) dropped significantly compared with existing estimates.
This study examines whether it’s possible for the United States to eliminate its dependence on foreign oil. We’ve concluded that energy independence is not attainable without the mass adoption of natural gas and biomass as feedstocks for transportation fuels.
This paper examines the correlation between energy consumption and economic development in sub-Saharan Africa. This region uses only 2 percent of the world’s energy, yet its reliance on petroleum — for transportation, cooking, heating, agriculture and other uses — makes citizens extremely vulnerable to oil price spikes.
This study investigated whether the gasoline gallon equivalent (GGE) is an accurate measure of the fuel economy of ethanol and methanol fuel blends. The blends in vehicles we tested consistently achieved better miles per gallon than estimated by the GGE.